Engineering Sea-craft security system "Antipirat" – Russian Federation patent №2431582
Russian Patent: №2431582
Author: Tkachenko Yuriy Vladimirovich
Section of the IPC: B21F 25/00 – Barbed wire, mesh, fencing, wire fabrics
Section of the IPC: B63G 13/00 – Other means of attack or defense ships. Vessels characterized by these means.
Usage: in the manufacture of engineered systems for the protection regime and various other objects, such as ships, from the intrusion of people on them.
The essence: engineering-protection system consists of at least one section with a protective element in the form of a twisted spiral of barbed wire Egoza or razor wire Egoza-Super vertical support units installed at regular intervals from each other. Each support node is configured as a vertical stand, consisting of a lower fixed part fastened on the deck, and the upper movable part, with a lock from the opening. On the front top-mounted device deployment clotting barbed wire coils formed as a hand winch with several take-up reels and lock mechanisms. The front mounted bracket formed as a multi crosses on cantilevered ends of which are provided with holes for the passage of the paired cables, as well as a central aperture for passage of a central rope, one end portions of which are stocked in a winding drum winch, and the second ends of cables other than the central – associated with the mobile crosspiece spider structure similar in size and number of rays. The first coil of the barbed tape is attached to the arm of multipath, and the last coil is in the form of spider cross-piece. The free end of the main cable is equipped with a hook for attaching the rope to the adjacent node support. For security element used barbed wire Egoza with razor-barbed elements in the form of butterflies with aggressive sharp. The reinforcing wire made of high-quality stainless steel with a high elastic properties and resistance to aggressive environments.
Technical advantages: decrease of metal, expansion of technical and operational capabilities, increasing the reliability and efficiency of protection, mobility and versatility.
The invention relates to the production of protective structures and systems, which include razor-barbed elements, and can be used for the manufacture of engineered systems for the protection of various operating and other objects, such as ships, from the intrusion of people on them.
Despite the constant development of civilization, unfortunately, in the sea space still preserved medieval methods of appropriation of another property – the usual piracy, which in recent years, quite common in the southern seas. Methods of attack on vessels have remained virtually unchanged – boarding, changed only weapon on the modern and purpose behind the attacks. If before the pirates tried to seize the treasure, they are now demanding a ransom for the ship. But that has not changed the essence of the crime – illegal actions of the pirates.
To protect the ship from pirate attacks, at the present level of human development, developed a number of different security systems, the design of which the latest achievements of science and technology, for example, infrasound, electric shock protection system.
But most of them are owners of vessels not used, mainly due to the high cost, low reliability, inefficiency, spreading its influence, not only on the pirates, but also members of the crew, require training teams to use the system of protection, sometimes they are not safe for the crew . Because of this, they are in the vast majority without finding application in modern courts.
Therefore, despite the technological advances, mankind again and again returns to reliable and structurally simple conventional barriers, that or even prevent the penetration of the ship of pirates, or delay their illegal activities for a while, you need to prepare the team for the appropriate measures confrontation attack. There are many designs of simple and robust fencing, but not all are suitable for use on ships.
For example, there is well-known a wire fencing, which comprises posts embedded in the ground or fixed to any surface, at some distance from each other, between which rows of tensioned horizontal wire without damaging elements on them [see the copyright certificate USSR №628277 class E04N 17/02 issued in 10.15.1978].
The main disadvantage of the wire fence are its low barrier properties due to, firstly, the absence of striking elements on the wires, hence they can easily cover the hands without injury, and secondly, the absence of any connection between the rows of wires vertically therefore, they can easily shrug and climb a wire stretched between the rows, and it is so freely to enter the protected area.
This shortcoming is partially eliminated in the barbed wire, containing half frames located at a certain distance from each other, each of which consists of two vertical pillars, dug into the ground or mounted on any surface and rigidly interconnected beams. All half frames interconnected upper and lower horizontal beams welded to the vertical column of half-frames. Between these beams is honeycomb mesh formed by weaving wires without damaging elements to them [see the USA Patent №4165864 class E04N 17/04, B21F 27/00, published in 28.08.1979].
Despite the fact that the cellular structure of the grid does not allow to push the wire to form a free passage between cells, but the lack of elements on the wire mesh grid allows them to grasp the hands without injury, it is easy to climb over the fence and enter the protected area.
It is also known guard to protect against unauthorized access of people to the protected area that contains vertical columns, which are welded to the horizontal crossbar, made from metal parts. To these crossbeams with a certain interval welded vertical fence made of metal rolling straight dihedral angles (metal corners). The upper ends of the pillars and are fences length each right dihedral angle to form a stud at this end [see Russian Federation patent 2296203 Class E04N 17/14, published in 27.03.2007, in Bulletin 9].
The main disadvantage of this fence is that it does not provide adequate protection from thieves protected area. Since the vertical fence installed at regular intervals, that is, to form, albeit small, but still the space between them, the attacker can easily grab hold of the top horizontal bar between adjacent fence and easy to climb over the fence without damaging while on spikes. Known fence can only be effective as a barrier for large animals, but it is not effective as a protective structure of the perpetrators of the protection regime.
This disadvantage is eliminated in the security barrier "Dikobraz", consisting of a set of spherical protective elements, each of which includes a reinforced twisted barbed tape wound on a wire base or barbed tape compression at the lateral surface of the wire framework in curved space frame. The space frame is formed in the shape of a sphere formed meridional windings wound or crimped barbed tape and rigid equatorial ring installed inside the coils wound or crimped barbed tape. Coils wound or crimped barbed tape bonded to each other at the poles of the sphere and the equatorial ring. The security barrier erected as follows: the first ready-spherical protective element is attached to a vertical or inclined stand at the poles of the sphere and on-site security abroad; Further, adjacent to the first spherical shielding member, disposing the second, third and so on similar spherical protective elements over the whole length of the safety barrier, forming a protective boundary [see Russian Federation patent 2272113 Class E04N 17/04, published in 20.03.2006, in Bulletin 8].
The main drawback of the safety barrier is that spherical protective elements not bonded to each other along the length of the security boundary. Therefore, any of them are quite easy to rip off the counter or delay by tilting it down, capturing, for example, a conventional hook to form a free passage through the protective line as the rest of the spherical protective elements do not interfere with this stay or limb of one of them, because the spherical elements mechanically not linked. And it is this fact (lack of unity and integrity of the design throughout its length) significantly reduces the effectiveness of the objects protection with the use of this security barrier.
The closest to its essence and attainable effect, taken as a prototype, is an engineering and safety system, consisting of at least one section with a protective element in the form of a twisted spiral barbed tape with multiple vertical support nodes installed at regular intervals from each other, with the turns of the spiral fixed to the support nodes in two locations – the top and bottom that allows you to create, according to the authors, a reliable security barrier. In the storage position of the system, the windings of the helix and the support units are pressed together. With the construction of engineering protection of the first (extreme) support node is fixed to the ground or attached to any other surface. Then begin to deploy the security element, pulling it from the first support node. The distance between the windings increases and increases the distance between support nodes. Each subsequent node also support fixed to the ground or attached to any other surface. After fixing the last node support, the system is considered to be deployed and prepared for the operation that is prepared to fulfill its protective function [see the international application WO 2007/078307 class B21F 25/00, published in 12.07.2006].
The main disadvantage of the given engineering and safety system is its low barrier properties, due to the lack of any horizontal elements strung between the turns, which would form a space frame to maintain the coils of barbed tape. Due to the absence of such a framework should support sites located almost next to each other. Otherwise, the coils of the barbed tape between adjacent support nodes will simply sag downward under its own weight. But a large number of support nodes and increasing complexity of known metal content protection system increases its cost and size, including a total length in the retracted position. Consequently, there is a technical contradiction: on the one hand, support nodes turns barbed tape should be as much as possible and are located must as close as possible to each other to prevent sagging of said windings, and on the other hand, they should be as small as possible to facilitate design, reduce cost and reduce its overall dimensions in the inoperative position.
Another significant drawback of the known engineering and defense system is the impossibility of its operational erection or folding due to the need fixing (withdrawal), that is based, each node support based on – the ground or on any surface. This method of deployment or transfer to state storage due to the imperfection of the structure known defense system. Therefore, the following defense system is impractical to use on ships as a means to prevent the penetration of pirates on the deck. Even more problems arise in the construction of the security system in the sea. And if you do not remove the protective system in general, that is, leave it on constantly in operation, it will not interfere with the crew during maneuvers the vessel will impede emergency escape ship interfere with loading and unloading in ports, does not allow leisure marine ships, to be near the side and enjoy the sea views over the barbed wire, let us say quite bad thing.
The basis of the utility model is aimed to enhance functionality and enhance the technical properties of engineering and defense system by providing mobility-collapse of its construction and compactness in the storage position by changing the principle of deployment by changing the structure of the security element nodes support – barbed tape.
This object is achieved in that the engineering-defense system for protecting ships, consisting of at least one section of the protective element in the form of a twisted spiral barbed tape with vertical support nodes established with a certain interval from each other, wherein spiral turns are attached to nodes of the support, enabling a stable barrier, according to the proposal, each support node is configured as a mainly vertical rack consisting of a lower fixed part fastened on the deck, and the upper movable portion with locking its movement to wherein the top mounted device deployment-clotting turns barbed tape formed mainly in the form of a winch, preferably hand-operated, with a winch has several winding reels with locking mechanisms, for example, the ratchet as well as the top movable part of the rack mounted bracket adapted a multipath cross length beams which exceed the radius of turns of the barbed tape and on cantilever ends rays cross with holes for the passage of the paired cables, as well as a central aperture for passage of a central rope, one end is stocked in a winding drum winch and the second rope ends except center, – associated with the mobile spider crosspiece similar design size and the number of beams, that was mentioned in first spiral barbed tape is attached to multipath bracket and the last coil – a spider crosspiece, moreover, the free end of the central cable is provided with a hook for fixing the rope on the adjacent site support.
The solution of the problem is also achieved by the fact that the engineering protection system for the security element used barbed reinforced tape with a sharp-barbed elements in the form of butterflies with aggressive edges, and the reinforcing wire made of high-quality carbon stainless steel with high elastic properties and resistance to aggressive environment, in particular to the salt water.
Due to the fact that the proposed defense system engineering and the last round of the protective element can be separated from an adjacent rack (support unit), twisted spiral barbed tape may fold into a compact bay, which is pressed against the bracket spider crosspiece. The security element has the ability to coagulate or unfold by cables and winches. In this form the inner core wires to prevent slack turns spiral barbed. The mobility of the protective elements of engineering and defense system allows the crew, if necessary, to quickly build a security barrier or to remove. The rotatable upper part racks allow positioning the protective element in the unfolded state outside the hull (per side) and in the storage position – on deck (around the beads). Consequently, the proposed system does not create any obstruction or inconvenience to the crew during the movement of the deck, takes almost no place on the deck, that is quite compact, safe for the crew, in the folded state does not violate the aesthetic parameters of the modern vessels or passenger liner, does not prevent mooring in ports around the berths, does not interfere with loading and unloading, which makes the proposed engineering protective system useful and appropriate for use on ships.
The use of the proposed engineering and defense system of only one spiral reinforced barbed tape and less massive, long compared to the prototype supporting units (racks) can significantly reduce the metal content and the total weight of the protective structure, making its use on merchant ships economically feasible.
Through the use of reinforced barbed tape greatly increased safety and technical and operational characteristics of the proposed engineering and defense system, since, firstly, this tape is not possible to quickly damage that allows to gain time, need to attack the ship to enter military aid, and secondly, sharp-barbed elements of the tape have a damaging effect in comparison with the usual barbed wire, and, therefore, there is a strong possibility that the pirates will stop trying to climb aboard, avoiding serious injury, and, thirdly, because of this tape reinforcement and manufacture of high-quality high carbon stainless steel with high elastic properties is more resistant to aggressive media, in particular, to sea water therefore last longer.
It is clear that the amount of protective sections in the proposed design engineering and protective systems may be several, and together they completely encircle the hull along its perimeter. In this embodiment, the engineering and defense system they are placed in series, one section is connected to the other by a central cable with a hook on the free end, which clings to the ear mounted on the outside (opposite from the holding barbed tape) side of the bracket adjacent section.
Thus, the proposed engineering protection system ensures the achievement of the technical result of the task.
Further essence of the proposed technical solution is explained in conjunction with illustrative pictures, showing:
- Figure 1 – a general view is installed on board a supporting unit of the proposed engineering protection systems in motor (collapsed) position of the security element;
- Figure 2 – hand winch, a plan view;
- Figure 3 – general view of one section of the frame for the protective element of the proposed defense system engineering;
- Figure 4 – perspective view of one section of the proposed engineering protective system in position of use, mounted on a board;
- Figure 5 – fixing the protective element on the adjacent site support;
- Figure 6 – placing sections engineering defense system in an operating position on the perimeter of the vessel during the threat of piracy attacks, top view;
- Figure 7 – is the same, in the storage position.
Each section of the proposed engineering protection system consists of a vertical upright 1, which is structured from a lower fixed part 2 attached to the deck 3 of the vessel, and an upper movable part 4 with its retainer 5 moves. The upper movable part 4 supports 1 is inserted inside the lower portion of the fixed upright 1 2, and has two degrees of freedom – may move along the lower fixed part 2 in the vertical direction and also rotate in a circle in a horizontal plane relative to the lower fixed part 1. In this rack 2, the stand 1 made double with the upper part 4 that can rotate through 180° and rise-fall on the length of the lower part 2 of the rack 1. In both parts 2 and 4 of the rack 1 provided with holes in which the retainer 5 is inserted into their corresponding diameter formed, for example in the form of a conventional pin retaining the finger simplest structure.
At the upper end of the movable part 4 pillar 1 mounted device deployment-clotting turns barbed tape 6 formed, for example, a conventional manual winch 7 comprising a housing 8 with three reels 9 and the handle 10 of rotation of the drums 9 and a corresponding number (three) locking knob 11 for rotating drum 9. Drum fixing 9 is provided in a fixed position by means of locking mechanisms, for example made in the form of conventional ratchet 12.
The upper movable part 4 supports one set, e.g., welded, arm 13 is formed as a multi-beam crosses, for example, a four (which is shown in cross such illustrative material), the length of the beams 14 which exceeds the radius of turns of the barbed tape 6. At the ends of the cantilever beams 14, the bracket 13 has holes 15 for the passage of the paired cables 16 and 17, 18 and 19 as well as a central opening 20 for passage of a central tether 21. One ends of all the ropes 16, 17, 18, 19 and 21 in the winding drums stocked in 9 winches 7. Paired cables 16 and 17, 18 and 19 stocked in in extreme drums 9 and the central wire 21 – in the middle drum 9. The opposite (free) ends of the paired cables 16 and 17, 18 and 19, except for the central 21 – linked (attached) to mobile spider cross-piece 22 of similar design and size 23. The number of shafts arachnid spider design allows 22 between its beams and rays 14 23 13 bracket positioning the coils of barbed tape 6 in the transport position. The first round of the barbed tape 6 attached to multipath bracket 13, and the last round – a spider cross-piece 22. The free end of the main cable 21 is provided with a hook 24 for fastening of the cable 21 on the neighboring (adjacent) node support. All cables 16, 17, 18, 19 and 21 of the beams 14 disposed within the bracket 13.
For shielding member engineering and protective systems used barbed reinforced tape 6 with barbed-cutting elements 25 in the form of butterflies with aggressive spikes 26. The reinforcing tape is made from high-quality stainless steel with a high elastic properties and resistance to aggressive media, in particular, to the salty sea water.
Further essence of the proposed technical solution is explained together with its operation principle.
In the initial position (storage position) coils of barbed tape 6 are pressed against the bracket 13 spider crosspiece 22, drums 9 are fixed ratchet 12, is deployed along the side of the bracket 27 and is located above the deck 3. To one section of the proposed defense system engineering translate into operating position, first remove tab 5 (pull pin), a movable part 4 rack 1 is raised upward and rotated so that the bracket 13 to the bay of the barbed tape 6 overboard vessel and again record the new position of parts 2 and 4 of the rack 1 in the selected position by means of the same latch 5 (pin inserted into the holes in the moving and the stationary parts 2 and 4 of the rack 1).
After removing the medium by means of lock handle 11 average drum 9 on which the central wire 21 is wound, said rope is unwound and a hook 24 at its end for engaging the tab 28 adjacent the rack 13 the arm 1, which is also pre-deployed overboard vessel 27. With extreme handles 11 to unlock the rest of the drums 9, which enables unwinding ropes 16 and 17, 18 and 19 which are unwound spontaneously due to the elastic properties of compressed between the bracket 13 and the crosspiece 22 spider spiral barbed tape 6 wherein said spider cross-piece 22, subjected to the pressure of spiral barbed tape 6 moves relative to the tensioned cable 21 to the central focus of the hook 28 at its end. Thus generated frame for the shielding member, and themselves spiral barbed tape 6 is placed on it uniformly.
In order to bring the section described in the original position, the handle 10 via the rotary drum 9, to which are attached cables 16 and 17, 18 and 19 in the unwinding direction. As a result, spider cross-piece 22 will be forced to move relative to the central cable 21 stretched in the direction of the bracket 13 and rolling (squeeze) spiral barbed tape 6 in a compact bay. Upon completion of the winding wires 16 and 17, 18 and 19 on the drum 9, they are fixed in position by a respective handle 11 to a hand winch housing 7. The hook 24 of the central cable 21 is uncoupled from the adjacent rack 1, and the average switching drum 9 in the winding direction using the handle 10 begin to wind the cable 21 on the center said drum 9. Then, the entire structure is rotated on board and the rack 1 is folded into its original position.
Essential difference of the proposed technical solutions from the prior art, is that the engineering system has a protective rotary support nodes and mobile frame for the shielding member made of a cable system, which, when wound on the drums is collected spiral barbed tape compact bay. These differences, together, allow the use of the proposed engineering defense system to protect ships from pirate attacks. None of the known security barriers can have properties marked as their protective elements are rigidly connected to the fixed support units, and do not have a framework that would allow them to transform into a more convenient transport or storage structure.
Proposed solution tested in practice. Engineering and safety sea-craft security system "Antipirat" does not contain any elements and components that cannot be replicated at the present stage of development of science and technology, in particular, the production of safety barriers and protective fences, hence design suitable for industrial applications It has technical and other advantages over known such protective structures, which confirms the possibility of achieving a technical result of the claimed subject. In the given sources of information not found similar engineering safety systems specified in the offer essential features, and therefore is considered to be such that it can receive legal protection.
The main technical advantages of the proposed technical solutions, in comparison with the prior art, include the following:
- Providing the possibility of installing both permanent and temporary, based on the decks of ships due to the presence in the construction of rotary racks and frames for mobile protective elements;
- Ensuring reliable perimeter protection vessel by allowing the coaxial placement of individual sections of the security fence, connected to each other;
- Decrease of metal construction with preservation of its protective properties through the use of only one spiral barbed tape and less massive support units;
- Expanding technical-operational characteristics of the security element by the fact that it is made of reinforced barbed tape more resistant to mechanical and other damage;
- Improving the efficiency and reliability of the perimeter protection of ships from pirate attacks for the same reason;
- Versatility – can apply to all types of vessels.
Social benefits from the implementation of the proposed technical solution, as compared with the prototype, obtained due to the fact that its installation on ships is safe for the crew members even in heavy seas and maneuvering the vessel, allowing forming a reliable barrier to prevent unauthorized entry to deck of the vessel.
Economical effect of the introduction of the proposed technical solutions, in comparison with the prototype, produced due to ease manufacture the barrier, lighter weight construction, which does not affect the tonnage of the vessel, and use as a protective element reinforced barbed tape, which is more resistant to damage and has longer service life, which ultimately reduces the cost of the proposed defense system engineering.
After the description of the proposed engineering protective system skilled in the art knowledge it should be apparent that all of the above is merely illustrative, and not limiting, having been presented by this example. Possible modifications of the cable of the flexible carcass for the protective element, in particular, the number and size of cables, the number, length and thickness of the beams cross, variants of the sections of the protective element and their connections on the perimeter of the vessel may vary in different ratios, and, of course, within the scope of one of the conventional and natural approaches knowledge in the art and are considered to be within the scope of the technical solutions.
The quintessence of the proposed technical solution is that the protective element is mounted on a mobile frame made of ropes, which allows you to collect a spiral barbed tape in a compact bay, and the front is made rotatable with fixation of the security element in the position behind and over the side of the ship, and these are the circumstances in together, allow purchase of the proposed engineering protection system above and other advantages. The change and the use of only individual components of engineering and defense system naturally limits the range of the benefits listed above, and cannot be considered a new technical solutions in the field of knowledge, as others described engineering security system does not require any creativity from the designers and engineers, and cannot be considered the results of their creative activity and new intellectual property protection enforcement relevant documents in accordance with applicable law.
Useful model formula
- Engineering-protection system for the protection of ships, comprising at least one section of the protective element in the form of a helically coiled barbed tape with the vertical support units installed at certain intervals from each other, wherein the windings are attached to the helix nodes support, enabling a stable barrier, characterized in that each support node is configured in the form of an essentially vertical rack, consisting of a lower fixed part fastened on the deck, and the upper movable part, with a lock of its displacement, on which top mounted device deployment and rolling up turns barbed tape formed mainly in the form of a winch, preferably hand-operated, with a winch has several winding reels with locking mechanisms, for example, the ratchet as well as the top movable part of the rack mounted bracket, formed as a cross multipath length ray which exceeds the radius of turns of the barbed tape and on cantilever ends rays cross with holes for the passage of the paired cables, as well as a central aperture for passage of a central rope, one end portions stocked in a winding drum winch, and the second ends of cables other than the central associated with the mobile spider crosspiece similar design size and the number of beams, said first spiral barbed tape is attached to the bracket multipath, and the last coil – a spider crosspiece, moreover, the free end of the cable is provided with a central hook for the fastening of a cable in the adjacent support assembly.
- Engineering protection system according to claim 1, characterized in that the security element is used for barbed tape reinforced with barbed cutting elements in the form of a butterfly with aggressive edges, wherein the reinforcing wire is made from high-quality stainless steel with high elastic properties and resistance to aggressive environment, in particular to the salt water.