The security barrier "Cobra" – the patent of Ukraine №50492
Patent of Ukraine: №50492
Author: Tkachenko Yuriy Vladimirovich
Section of the IPC: B21F 25/00 – Barbed wire, mesh, fencing, wire fabrics
Section of the IPC: E04H 17/04 – Hedges, fences, paddocks characterized by the use of special purpose wire, e.g. barbed wire
Published: 10.06.2010, Bulletin Number 11
- The security barrier comprises at least one protective element is formed as a single twisted spiral reinforced barbed tape (barbed wire Egoza) with multiple support nodes established intervals from each other. Barrier characterized in that the barbed wire Egoza shielding member is wound on the outer frame, formed by several strained rectilinear segments piercing strips whose ends are fixed to the rays of multipath elements mounted freely rotatable about the longitudinal axis of the protective element on bearings mounted onto supporting nodes, also to give overall stiffness protective element during its considerable length. Moreover, inside the frame has a similar multipath components in any number, their ends shafts protrude beyond the edges of the barbed wire, which encircles the spiral frame further inside the outer frame is arranged at least one inner coaxial frame of similar design to the wound it likewise barbed wire Egoza.
- The security barrier according to claim 1 is characterized in that the inner and outer frames electrically insulated coaxial to each other to allow electric current summing separately for each frame.
- The security barrier of the claims 1 and 2 is characterized in that the protective member is provided with positive drive rotation of its multipath components.
- The security barrier of the claims. 1-3 is which is characterized in that the shafts of multipath components are equipped with additional striking elements in the form attached to them in a chaotic manner or tapered symmetric branches of different lengths or sharp spikes, or barbed tape wrapped.
The utility model concerns the construction of protective structures and systems, which include sharp elements, such as barbed wire Egoza and can be used for the manufacture of protective pens, used to prevent unauthorized access of people and animals on sensitive sites.
The well-known hedge to protect against thieves, and cows and other large animals, which contains the horizontal bar of a metal bracket fixed to the vertical column and the vertical lath that are welded to said crossbar with a certain interval. Poles and made of rolled metal lath with straight dihedral angles. The upper ends of the pillars and lath are length each direct dihedral angle with the formation of spines on the ends [see Russian Federation patent № 2296203 in class E04N17 / 14 published in 27.03.2007].
The main disadvantage of the fence there is insufficient protection of its properties from thieves. This disadvantage is explained as follows. Since the hedge has a flat structure and lath is installed at regular intervals from one another, you can effortlessly take hold of the horizontal bar between the lath and easy to climb over the fence without damaging of prongs. Thus, the famous hedge is effective only as an obstacle to large animals, but is not effective as a protective fence against thieves.
This disadvantage is eliminated in the security barrier "Dikobraz", which consists of a set of spherical protective elements, each of which includes a reinforced twisted stabbing tape wound on the wire-base or stabbing tape compression at the portion of the side surface of the wire base, entourage in a spatial frame. The space frame is formed in the shape of a sphere formed meridional coils of wire wound or crimped with barbed tape and rigid equatorial ring installed inside the coils wound or crimped barbed tape. Coils wound or crimped barbed tape bonded to each other at the poles of the sphere and the equatorial ring. The security barrier is set in this way. Ready first spherical protective element is attached to a vertical or inclined stand at the poles of the sphere and set in place protective abroad. Further, adjacent to the first spherical protective member disposing the second, third, etc. Similar spherical protective elements along the entire length of the safety barrier, forming a protective boundary [see Russian Federation patent № 2272113 number of Class E 04 H 17/04 published in 20.03.2006].
The main disadvantage of this safety barrier is that the spherical protective elements are not bonded to each other along the length of protective abroad. Therefore, any of them are quite easy to rip off the counter or delay by tilting it down, capturing, for example, a conventional hook to form a free passage through the protective line since last spherical protective elements prevent such failure or limb of one of them: after all, the spherical elements are not linked. And it is this fact (lack of unity and integrity of the structure) drastically reduces the effectiveness of the protection of sensitive sites using the following security barrier.
The closest in its essence and the attainable effect, which is taken as a prototype, is a security barrier which comprises at least one protective member formed in a twisted spirally single barbed tape with multiple its supporting units being installed with an interval apart. Security elements in the form of a single spiral barbed tape may be somewhat near one above another in a vertical plane, forming a vertical section of the barrier, and the single helix of the barbed tape may have different diameters. A single turn of the spiral of the barbed tape attached to the support sections of the site in two places, which allows you to create horizontal and vertical resistant barrier [see The international application WO 2007/078307 of the number of class V21F25 / 00 published in 12.07.2006].
The main disadvantage of this barrier is its low barrier properties. It’s pretty easy to overcome, since its protective element is fixed relative to the support nodes. This circumstance – the immobility of the protective element allows it to cover any sheet material, for example, a tarpaulin, and that is how to completely eliminate the effect of sharp spikes submunitions barrier. Moreover, frightening elements, in this case, on the contrary, even provide some assistance to the attacker, holding the canvas material spike barbed tape from slipping, allowing it to smoothly overcome the barrier, just climbing over the security element, and thus penetrate the regime object.
Another essential disadvantage of the known barrier structures imperfection its security element, which also reduces its protective properties. This drawback is that the protective element is a single twisted spiral barbed tape. For the formation of free passage through the barrier, just once anywhere snack or stinging cut the tape: she single. Spiral works like a spring, and "automatically" open a free pass. If the barrier has only one barbed tape, it is particularly vulnerable. The basis of the utility model the task of increasing technical and operational characteristics and capabilities of barrier protection and security sensitive sites due to the impossibility of placing it on any coatings to neutralize the harmful effect of cutting barbed spines barbed tape. And also due to the destruction of the integrity of the difficulty of the security element by performing the last movable relative to its supporting units, and the security element double.
This object is achieved in that the protective fence, according to the proposal, comprises at least one protective element is formed as a single twisted spiral barbed tape with its supporting multiple nodes established intervals from each other. Stitching protective tape member is wound on the outer frame, formed by several straight line segments strung piercing tapes whose ends are fixed to the rays of multipath elements mounted freely rotatable about the longitudinal axis of the protective element on bearings installed on supported nodes. Also, to impart a total hardness security element with a considerable length inside the frame has a similar multipath components in any desired amount, the ends of the shafts which extend beyond the barbed tape, envelope spirally frame further inside the outer frame is arranged at least another, the inner frame is of similar design with similarly wound on a barbed tape.
To increase the deterrent effect of aggressive or protective member may have forced the rotational drive of its multipath components.
To enhance the effect of damaging shafts of the multipath components can be provided with additional impressive elements in the form set out for them in a chaotic or a symmetrical manner sharpened branches of different lengths, or sharp prongs or wrapped barbed tape.
To enhance the effect of damaging the outer and inner coaxial frames can be electrically insulated from each other to be able to take stock of electric current to the inner frame. Due to the fact that the security element is movable, in particular, turning in a horizontal plane, it is impossible to fix any cover or grab arms for barbed tape or shafts and catch up. In both cases, through the eccentricity of load attachment arm relative to the axis of circulation, the multipath components required to crank bearings and do not allow an attacker to climb over the protective element.
With the ability to connect the electric current to the inner frame, the protective properties of the security element are amplified. If an attacker tries hard to overcome the barrier of security and destroy the outer frame, it will test the additional impact of the electric current affects the inner frame while trying to overcome it.
Thus, the proposed barrier ensures the achievement of the technical result of the task. Further essence of the proposed technical solution is explained in conjunction with illustrative material on which the following picture:
- Figure 1 – a plan view of the proposed security element with one additional inner frame.
Equipment variant multipath rays elements impressive additional elements:
- Figure 2 – shaft with sharp spikes;
- Figure 3 – shaft coiled barbed tape;
- Figure 4 – shaft with sharp branches.
Each section of the proposed security barrier comprises a protective element 1 is situated predominantly horizontally and mounted on its supporting nodes 2. Supported units 2 are designed as mainly vertical uprights 3 with the radial bearing 4 at its upper end.
The security element 1 is formed as a helically coiled barbed tape 5 wound on the outer frame, formed by several straight line segments strung barbed tape 6, the end of which are mounted on the shafts 7, 8. The multipath components of multipath components 8 are mounted for free circulation of the central longitudinal axis of the protective one bearing element 4.
To make the overall stiffness protective element 1 at its considerable length, inside the frame can be placed in any number of similar elements 8 ends multipath rays 7 which protrude beyond the edges of the barbed tape 5, the envelope of the spiral cage.
Inside the outer frame is arranged at least one inner frame 9 similar constructions with wound on a barbed tape 5 in a similar manner. To enhance the damaging effect of the outer and inner coaxial scaffolds may be electrically insulated from each other by any known method, for example by means of insulating sleeves (not shown in view of common knowledge) clad on the shaft 7 to enable summing of electric current to the inner frame 9, which extends the protective properties of the proposed barrier. To increase the aggressiveness or deterrent effect, multipath elements 8 may be provided with positive drive of the rotation of any known construction (not shown due to the notoriety). Forced rotation of multipath elements 8 causes the rotation of the frame with barbed tape 5, which significantly increases the aggressiveness of the security fence and is used when an attempt to penetrate the regime object becomes apparent.
To enhance the striking features of multipath rays 7 elements 8 can be provided with additional striking elements in the form set out for them in a chaotic manner, or symmetric sharp spikes 10, or wrapped with barbed tape 11 or 12 equipped with sharpened branches of different lengths. Proposed barrier operates in this manner. When someone is trying to grasp the barbed tape 5 or 7 rays of hands and tightened security element 1 twists necessarily with multipath elements 8 around the longitudinal axis, and the area for which the seized arms, would be at the bottom, it will not allow climbing over the security element 1. When attempts to intercept arms for barbed tape other areas 5 or for other Shafts 7, all happen again thanks to the next rotation of the security element 1 with multipath elements 8 bearing 4. The same thing happens when you try to cover the protective element 1 in any sheet material: when you try to climb on this material, due to the eccentricity, the protective member 1 will be rotated, preventing an attacker to climb a security element 1. Therefore, climb over the proposed barrier is not possible.
Furthermore, the presence of additional shafts 7 striking elements in the form of spikes 10, 11 of the barbed tape or exacerbated branches 12 generally makes it impossible to capture arms, which further increases as the security barrier properties of the proposed barrier.
Running skeletons in the form of several straight segments strung stabbing 6 tapes that spiral round the prickly tape 5 does not allow the latter to spring back when cutting – spiral turns necessarily cling to the elements of line segments stabbing tapes 6. However, if an attacker tries hard to overcome the barrier of security and destroy outer frame, he will experience an additional loss of the electric current of the inner frame 9 when trying to overcome it.
Clearly, the security element can be used as a security barrier and without support his units 2, simply set on the ground or on the road, that is, as a standalone product, fulfilling a protective function.
The essential difference between the technical solutions, which states, by formerly known is that the security element is movable, in particular rotatable, with optional inner frame, which can be connected to the electric current, and the rays of multipath components are equipped with additional striking elements in the form of sharp spikes, sharpened branches or barbed tape. These differences combine to preclude any possibility of overcoming the security element by rotation of the security element in the case of giving him any load, or hitting electric persistent intruders. And it is this fact allows us to consider the proposed barrier is almost irresistible. None of the given safety barriers can possess distinguished properties since their protective elements are either fixed, or they do not have structural integrity in length or have additional coaxial elements or have, but they alone cannot bring electric current due to the lack of appropriate isolation.
The proposed technical solution tested in practice. The security barrier "Cobra" does not contain any components and assemblies that it would be impossible to recreate in the present stage of development of science and technology, in particular, the production of safety barriers and protective fences, so its design fitness industry has technical and other advantages over known such technical solutions proposed in view of the principle of fixing the protective element to the support of its units and additional equipment coaxially mounted a protective element, which confirms the possibility of achieving a technical result of the claimed subject. In the well-known sources of information is not revealed these security barriers with these essential features in the proposal and therefore relies so that can get legal protection.
The main technical advantages of the proposed technical solutions, in comparison with the prototype are the following:
- Increase the protective properties due to the fact that the protective element is a rotary element with respect to its support;
- Increasing the overall stiffness of the security element in its considerable length due to the presence of intermediate multipath components;
- Increasing destructive properties by equipping additional elements multipath rays striking elements;
- Increase the protective properties due to equip an additional protective element;
- Compact construction due to the coaxial arrangement of an additional protective element within the core;
- Summing up the possibility of a separate electric current to the internal security element by equipping rays insulators;
- Increasing deterrent effect due to the forced rotation of the security element;
- Improving the efficiency and reliability of the protection of sensitive sites due to the inability to overcome the security barriers.
Social benefits from the implementation of the proposed technical solution are compared with the prototype obtained by the impossibility of penetrating sensitive sites.
The economic effect of the introduction of the proposed technical solution is compared with the prototype and obtained by the simplicity of manufacturing fence and use it for the common components and materials.
After the description of the proposed barrier, specialists in the given area should be clearly knowledge that all of the above is merely illustrative, and does not limit, having been presented by this example. Numerous possible modifications of the security element, in particular, the number, size barbed tape used actuators and bearings, variants of ribbons frames, number, length and thickness of the rays of multipath components, the design of the inner coaxial shielding member may vary in different ratios, and of course, They are within the scope of one of ordinary and natural approaches knowledge in the art and are considered to be within the scope of the technical solutions.
The quintessence of the proposed technical solution is that the protective element is a turning point. It placed an additional security element of similar design to which the electric current can be supplied, and the rays of the multipath components are equipped with additional striking elements, and these circumstances combine to allow the proposed security barrier have listed other advantages. Alterations and the use of only the individual components of a security barrier, naturally limits the range of benefits, and cannot rely on new technical solutions in the area of knowledge, because no longer require creativity from the designers and engineers, and therefore cannot be relied results of their creative activity, or new intellectual property that fall under the protection of enforcement documents.